Wood Pellets Production

Biomass Pellet Mill

It is suggested that we first start with addressing what biomass is. Biomass is any living organic material which can be utilized to generate energy from. In such a case we are compressing biomass to produce fuel pellets for stoves and boilers. However biomass electricity generation can be a developing industry. The biomass pellets are burnt along with coal in an effort to reduce the carbon emissions of the power plants to meet up with European regulations.



Biomass pellets can be used in some pellet stoves and boilers, but not all of them. The reasons for this are due to higher levels of ash, and possible clinker formations. The benefit however is that some biomass materials will have a higher productivity in the pellet mill.



Biomass heating is a rapidly growing industry, currently the most significant growth is in Eastern Europe in the Ukraine and Serbia. The reasons for this are the high gas prices from Russia, and many eastern European countries are looking for energy independence. Using a pellet mill to compress biomass can help more countries to achieve independence from oil and gas.



There are various models and makes of pellet mills available for sale. The majority of small pellet mills are made from basic iron castings which are manufactured in China. They are of high quality and cost-effectively.



Biomass bioenergy includes pellets, liquid and gaseous fuels. However to process biomass the raw material has to be transported to the factory. Therefore even if liquid or gaseous fuels are the main object. Then a biomass pellet mill is required to compress the material to reduce transportation costs. Three phase power is generally required to operate the pellet mill, so this should be put under consideration. There are some small pellet mills that can operate on single phase.