Wood Pellets Production

Pellet Maker


A pellet maker is used to form various raw materials into pellets for feed, bedding or fuel. A pellet maker is also known as a pellet mill, pellet press or pellet machine Either term is a valid description for the equipment used to compress wood or biomass.


Small Pellet Maker And Portable Mills

More and more people today are interested in a small pellet maker to make their own fuel pellets to heat their home. We promote a range of pellet production equipment, including small pellet makers.

The material is entered into the top of the machine, and is compressed between a horizontally mounted die. These machines are generally used for small to medium scale pellet production, however large scale production can also be achieved by installing multiple pellet makers. The pellet maker must be fed raw material which has been reduced to small particles. The way to achieve this is to use a hammer mill. Which will produce particle of 6mm or below.


Wood Pellet Maker And The Pellet Press

A wood pellet maker generally has a lower gearing to process wood. The first pellet mills were introduced to produced animal feed pellets from grasses and hay. However these material are much easier to process and have a lower density. To produce wood pellets more torque or power is required. The small pellet makers and larger pellet makers we promote are geared suitably to process both grasses and wood into pellets. Even the mini pellet mill has variable speed, therefore it is possible to reduce the die speed.


Suitable Material Moisture Content

There are various attributes the raw material requires before it can be processed into pellets. One of the most crucial material characteristics is moisture content. On average the raw material must be around 15% water. Higher or lower will effect pellet quality, pellet maker productivity and power consumption. Therefore for many raw materials a dryer will be required before it can be used in the pellet maker.

We also promote a range of dryers, including air current dryers and rotary dryers. Air current dryers are also known as pipe dryers or flash dryers. The material is carried in a hot air stream to the end of the pipe, where the hot moist air and dry raw material are separated by a cyclone separator. Pipe dryers are generally used for small scale production. For larger productivities a rotary dryer is used. The raw material is contained in a rotating drum. And can handle much greater volume of material, up to several tons per hour.


The Various Sizes Of Wood Pellet Plants

Making pellets does not have to be only the venture of multi million pellet plants, pellets can be produced on a small scale effectively and economically. However you do have to choose your market well.

Ideally you want to find a raw material that you do not have to dry down further, so ideal around the 15% mark. Again, if you can find a raw material with a small particle size this also means lower production costs as size reduction is not really required. If you can find a material with a particle size below 6mm this can go straight into the pellet maker. However if the particles are larger, they will need to put through a hammer mill.